Alda Maria Pereira Simões

Professora Associada com Agregação

Departamento de Engenharia Química
Instituto Superior Técnico
Universidade de Lisboa
Av.Rovisco Pais
P - 1049-001 Lisboa
telefone: (+351) 21 841 79 63
fax: (+351) 21 841 97 71

Formação Académica:

Agregação em Engenharia Quimica, IST (2009)
Doutoramento em Engenharia Quimica (Passivação e Corrosão Intersticial em Aço Inoxidável), IST (1990)
Mestrado em Quimica dos Processos Cataliticos, IST (1985)
Licenciatura em Engenharia Química,  IST (1982)

Áreas de Investigação:

Aplicação e desenvolvimento de técnicas electroquímicas ao estudo e a monitorização de sistemas sujeitos a degradacão por corrosão.
Estudo da degradação de sistemas de pintura anti-corrosiva.Pré-tratamentos amigos do ambiente como alternativa aos de cromato.
Propriedades semicondutoras de filmes de passivação.
Revestimentos sol-gel para funcionalização de superfícies.

Outra áreas de Interesse:

Células de Combustível
Sensores Electroquímicos.

Projectos de Mestrado oferecidos em 2013/2014:


Contratos Internacionais de I&D

  1. DURADH - Durability of adhesively bonded surfaces finished galvanised steels in corrosive environments", Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel, Contract; RFSR-CT-2011-00019; Coordinator: University of Paderborn, Germany; Partners: Instituto Superior Técnico (Portugal); Salzgitter Mannesmann Forschung GmbH (Germany); Sika Technology AG, Switzerland; ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe AG (Germany); University of Aveiro; voestalpine AG (Austria). Role: local coordinator. Financing for IST: 146kEuros. Abstract: New steel compositions and novel surface modification technologies aim at improved mechanical properties and corrosion resistance. However, the durability of adhesive joints between these advanced materials especially in corrosive environments are mostly below expectations. The proposal aims at an improved understanding of adhesion, de-adhesion and degradation kinetics and mechanisms of adhesives by means of novel spectroscopic, microscopic and electrochemical techniques. The project also focuses on development of improved failure analysis techniques aiming at a mechanistic understanding to provide a basis for faster product development in the steel industry.
  2. KINSREP - PREDICTION OF THE KINETICS OF SELF-REPAIR OF FORMING-INDUCED DEFECTS ON THIN FUNCTIONAL PRIMERS FOR ADVANCED AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS, RFSR-CT-2008-00028). Partners: University of Paderborn, Dortmunder Oberflaechen Centrum, Voestalpine Stahl Linz GmbH, Centro Sviluppo Materialli SPA, Universidade de Aveiro, Salzgitter Mannesmann Forschung GmbH, Instituto Superior Técnico. Financing for IST: 153 983 Euros; Role: general Project Coordinator. (01/07/2008 – 30/06/2011. Abstract: The physico-chemical processes and the kinetics of repassivation on galvanized steel substrates were studies by means of a set of advanced analytical, spectroscopic and electrochemical techniques. The effect of the size and geometry of cracks on the processes of delamination starting from micro-cracks on metal systems coated with conductive pimers were assessed and modelled.
  3. NEW ADVANCES ON CATHODIC PROTECTION FOR RE-HABILITATION OF REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES, Funded by the Portuguese Inovation Agency. Partners: Zetacorr, A2P, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Vigo; role: IST coordinator. (36 months, 2003-2006).
  4. CUT-EDGE - SELF-HEALING AT CUT-EDGE OF COIL COATED GALVANIZED STEEL SHEET, RFCS contract RFS-CR-04021. Partners: Max-Planck Institute für Eisenforschung GmbH; Arcelor Research; Dortmunder Oberflaechen Centrum, Fundacion ITMA, Voestalpine Stahl Linz; role: local coordinator. (01/07/ 2004- 30/06/2007). Abstract: Optimized coatings for galvanized steel were developped, with improved properties versus corrosion resistance at cut edges, including the possibility of encapsulation of inhibitors, thus generating a novel generation of coatings, with "smart" behaviour.
  5. PRIMEFORM - FORMABILITY AND SELF-REPAIR PROPERTIES OF ADVANCED WELDABLE PRIMERS RFCS contract RFS-CR-04031 Partners: Max-Planck Institute für Eisenforschung GmbH; Dortmunder Oberflaechen Centrum, Voestalpine Stahl Linz; Centro Sviluppo Materialli SPA, Universidade de Aveiro; Instituto Superior Técnico; role: local coordinator; (01/07/2004 – 30/06/2007).
  6. INVESTIGATION OF DAMAGING MECHANISMS OF COIL-COATED STEEL SHEET DURING FORMING IN ORDER TO ENHANCE THE PREDICTABILITY OF FINISHED PARTS, ECSC contract nº7210-P/189. Partners: Max-Planck Institute für Eisenforschung GmbH; Dortmunder Oberflaechen Centrum, Voestalpine Stahl Linz; role: loca coordinator. (01/07/1999- 30/06/2002).
  7. ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY PRE-TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR MULTI-SUBSTRATE APPLICATIONS, ECSC contract nº 7210-PR/066 Partners: Corus/ British Steel; Force Institute; Instituto Superior Técnico ; role: local coordinator. (01/07/1997- 30/06/2000).
  8. ELEVATED AND LOW TEMPERATURE PERFORMANCE OF COATED STEEL PRODUCTS, contract UE/ECSC nº 7210- TS/941. Partners: Corus/ British Steel; Rautaruukki Oy; Instituto Superior Técnico; role: local coordinator. (01/07/1996 – 30/06/1999).
  9. EFFECT OF FORMING ON THE CORROSION RESISTANCE OF STRETCHED POLYMER FILMS ON ORGANIC - COATED STEEL - PHASE 2, contract UE/ECSC Nº 7210.KB936. Partners: British Steel plc; Instituto Superior Técnico; role: team member. (01/07/1993- 30/06/1995). Investigation of Damaging Mechanisms of Coil-Coated Steel During Forming in Order to Enhance the Predictability of Finished Parts, Contrato UE/ECSC nº7210-P/189 (1999-2002). 
    Parceria:Thyssen Krupp Stahl (Alemanha), Max Planck Institute (Alemanha), Voest Alpine (Austria)

Publicações Representativas



  • Bastos AC, Ferreira MGS, Simoes AMP, Effects of mechanical forming on the Corrosion of electrogalvanised steel, Corrosion Science, 69 (2013) 87-96,
  • Platt GM, Bastos IN, Andrade MC, Taryba M, Lamaka SV, Simões AM, Soares GD, Thermodynamic Simulation of Phosphate Precipitation based on Ion-Selective Microelectrode Measurements, JOURNAL OF THE BRAZILIAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 24 (6) (2013)1064-1071 DOI: 10.5935/0103-5053.20130137.
  • Terada M, Albuquerque R, Simões AM, Fernando A, Costa I, Use of SECM to compare corrosion resistance of DIN W. Nr. 1.4460 high N and AISI 316L austenitic stainless steels in physiological solutions , Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology, 46(5) (2011) 599-604; DOI: 10.1179/147842210X12722706885922.
  • Simões AMP, Carbonari RO, Di Sarli AR, del Amo B, Romagnoli R, An environmentally acceptable primer for galvanized steel: formulation and evaluation by SVET, Corrosion Science, 53 (2011) 464-472, DOI: 10.1016/j.corsci.2010.09.058.
  • Bastos, AC; Ferreira, MGS; Simoes, AMP; The uneven corrosion of deep drawn coil-coatings investigated by EIS, Electrochimica Acta, 56 (23) (2011) 7825-7832, DOI:10.1016/j.electacta.2010.12.023
  • A.M. Simões, J.C.S. Fernandes; Studying phosphate corrosion inhibition at the cut edge of coil coated galvanized steel using the SVET and EIS, Progress in Organic Coatings, Volume 69 (2010) 219-224.
  • Juliana V. Custódio, Sílvia M.L. Agostinho, Alda M.P. Simões, Electrochemistry and surface analysis of the effect of benzotriazole on the cut edge corrosion of galvanized steel, Electrochimica Acta, 55 (2010) 5523-553.
  • Karina O. Vasconcelos, Nerilso Bocchi, Alda M. Simões, Pitting Corrosion Resistance of Coloured Oxide Films Grown on Stainless Steel in Sulphuric Acid in the Presence and Absence of Chromic Acid; J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 21 (2010) 469-475.


  • A.M. Simões, J.Torres, R. Picciochi, J. C.S. Fernandes; Corrosion Inhibition at galvanized steel cut edges by phosphate pigments; J.APPLIED ELECTROCHEMISTRY, doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2009.01.065.
  • A.C. Bastos, A.M.Simões; Effect of deep drawing on the performance of coil-coatings assessed by electrochemical techniques; PROGRESS ORGANIC COATINGS, doi:10.1016/j.porgcoat.2009.01.002.
  • A.M.Simões, D. Battochi, D.E.Tallman and G.P.Bierwagen;Assessment of the corrosion protection of aluminium substrates by a Mg-rich primer: EIS, SVET and SECM study; PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COTINGS, 63 (2008) 260-266.
  • Gordon Bierwagen, Kerry Allahar, Brian Hinderliter, Alda M.P. Simões, DennisTallman, Stuart Croll;Ionic liquid enhancement electrochemical characterization of organic coatings; PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS, 63 (2008) 250-259.
  • M.F. Montemor, A.M. Simões, M.G.S. Ferreira and M.J.Carmezim;Composition and corrosion resistance of cerium conversion films on the AZ31 magnesium alloy and its relation to the salt anion; APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, 254 (2008) 1806-1814.
  • K.N. Allahar, B.R.Hinderliter, A.M. Simoes, D.E.Tallman, G.P.Bierwagen and S.G. Croll; Simulation of Wet-Dry Cycling of Organic Coatings Using Ionic Liquids; Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 154 (10) (2007) F177-F185.
  • R.M. Souto, Y. González-García, A.C. Bastos and A.M. Simões;Investigating corrosion processes in the micrometric range: A SVET study of the galvanic corrosion of zinc coupled with iron; CORROSION SCIENCE, 49 (2007) 4568-4580.
  • A.M. Simões, D. Battocchi, D.E. Tallman and G.P. Bierwagen; SVET and SECM imaging of cathodic protection of aluminium by a Mg-rich coating; CORROSION SCIENCE 49 (2007) 3838-3849.
  • Gordon Bierwagen, Dante Battocchi, Alda Simões, Anthony Stamness and Dennis Tallman; The use of multiple electrochemical techniques to characterize Mg-rich primers for Al alloys; PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS, 59 (2007) 172-178.
  • Montemor MF, Simões AM, Carmezim MJ; Characterization of Rare-earth conversion films formed on the AZ31 magnesium alloy and its relation with corrosion protection; APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE 253 (2007) 6922-6931.
  • Kikuti E, Bocchi N, Pastol JL, Ferreira MG, Montemor MF, Belo MDC, Simões AM; Composition and Structure of Coloured Oxide Films on Stainless Steel Formed by Triangular Current Scan and Cathodic Hardening Treatment; CORROSION SCIENCE, 49 (2007) 2303-2314.
  • Simões AM, Bastos AC, Ferreira MG, González-García Y, González S, Souto RM; Use of SVET and SECM to Study the Galvanic Corrosion of an Iron - Zinc Cell; CORROSION SCIENCE, 49 (2007) 726-739.
  • Battocchi D, Simões AM, Tallman DE, Bierwagen GP; Comparison of testing solutions on the protection of Al-alloys using a Mg-rich primer; CORROSION SCIENCE, 48 (2006) 2226- 2240.
  • Battocchi D, Simões AM, Tallman DE, Bierwagen GP; Electrochemical behaviour of a Mg-rich primer in the protection of Al alloys; CORROSION SCIENCE, 48 (2006) 1292- 1306.
  • Montemor MF, Alves JH, Simões AM, Fernandes JCS, Lourenço Z, Costa AJS, Appleton AJ, Ferreira MGS; Multiprobe Chloride sensor for in-situ monitoring of reinforced concrete structures; CEMENT AND CONCRETE COMPOSITES 28 (2006) 233-236.
  • Simões AM, Bastos AC, Ferreira MG; Corrosion inhibition by chromate and phosphate extracts for iron substrates studied by EIS and SVET CORROSION SCIENCE, 48 (2006) 1500-1512
  • Simões AM, Tallman DE, Bierwagen GP; Use of ionic liquids for the electrochemical characterization of water transport in organic coatings; ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND SOLID-STATE LETTERS, 8(10) B60–B63 (2005).
  • Bastos AC, Simões AM, González S, González-Garcia Y, Souto RMA; Application of the scanning electrochemical microscope to the examination of organic coatings on metallic substrates; PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS 53 (2005) 177-182.
  • Bastos AC, Ferreira MGS, Simões AM; Comparative electrochemical studies of zinc chromate and zinc phosphate as corrosion inhibitors for zinc; PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS 52 (2005) 339-350
  • Carmezim MJ, Simões AM, Montemor MF, Cunha Belo, MDC; Capacitance Behaviour of passive films on ferritic and austenitic stainless steels; CORROSION SCIENCE 47 (2005) 581-591
  • Bastos AC, Simões AM, González-Garcia S, Souto RM; Imaging concentration profiles of redox-active species in open-circuit corrosion processes with the scanning electrochemical microscope; ELECTROCHEMISTRY COMMUNICATIONS 6 (2004) 1212-1215 & ELECTROCHEMISTRY COMMUNICATIONS 7 (2005) 1183-1184.
  • 2000-2004

  • Bastos AC, Ostwald C, Engl L, Grundmeier G, Simões, AMP; Formability of organic coatings – an electrochemical approach; ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, 49 (2004) 3947-3955
  • Ferreira MGS, Duarte RG, Montemor MF, Simões AMP; Silanes and rare earth salts as chromate replacers for pre-treatments on galvanized steel; ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA 49 (2004) 2927-2935
  • Goodlet G, Faty S, Cardoso S, Freitas PP, Simões AMP, Ferreira MGS, Belo MDC; The electronic properties of sputtered chromium and iron oxide films; CORROSION SCIENCE 46 (2004) 1479-1499.
  • Castela AS, Simões AM; An impedance model for the estimation of water absorption in organic coatings. Part I: A Linear Dielectric Mixture Equation; Referência: CORROSION SCIENCE 45 (2003) 1631-1646.
  • Castela AS, Simões AM;An impedance model for the estimation of water absorption in organic coatings. Part II: A complex equation of mixture; CORROSION SCIENCE 45 (2003) 1647-1660
  • Castela AS, Simões AM; Water Sorption in Freestanding PVC Films by Capacitance Measurements; PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS, 46(2) (2003) 130-134
  • Castela AS, Simões AM, Davies G, Ferreira MGS; Weathering of Coil Coatings: UV radiation and Thermal Effects; REVISTA DE METALURGIA,suppl.S (2003) 167-173
  • Montemor MF, Simões AMP, Ferreira MGS; Chloride-Induced Corrosion on Reinforcing Steel: From the Fundamentals to the Monitorisation; CEMENT AND CONCRETE COMPOSITES, 25(4-5) (2003) 491-502.
  • Castela AS, Simões AM; Assessment of water uptake in coil coatings by capacitance measurements; PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS 46 (2003) 55-61.
  • Bastos AC, Simões AMP; Effect of Uniaxial Strain on the protective properties of coil-coatings; PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS 46(1) (2003) 220-227.
  • Montemor MF, Simões AM, Ferreira MGS; Composition and Corrosion Behaviour of Galvanised Steel Treated with Rare Earth Salts. The Effect of the Cation; PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS 44 (2002) 111-120.
  • Montemor MF, Cunha MP, Simões AM, Ferreira MGS; Corrosion behaviour of rebars in flyash mortar exposed to carbon dioxide and chlorides ; CEMENT AND CONCRETE COMPOSITES, 24 (2002) 45-53.
  • Carmezim MJ, Simões AM, Figueiredo MO, Belo MDC; Electrochemical behaviour of thermally treated Cr-oxide films deposited on stainless steel; CORROSION SCIENCE, 44 (2002) 451-465
  • Ferreira MGS, Belo MD, Hakiki NE, Goodlet G, Montemor MF, Simões AMP; Semiconducting properties of oxide and passive films formed on AISI 304 stainless steel and Alloy 600; J. BRAZILIAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 13 (2002) 433-440
  • Bastos AC, Simões AM, Ferreira MG; Effect of Strain on the Protective Properties of Organic Coatings; KEY ENGINEERING MATERIALS, 230-2 (2002) 361-364
  • Castela AS, Simões AM; A Capacitance Model for the Evaluation of Water Absorption in Organic Coatings; KEY ENGINEERING MATERIALS, 230-2 (2002) 369-372
  • Ferreira MGS, Hakiki NE, Goodlet G, Faty S, Simões AM, Belo MDC; Influence of the Temperature of Film Formation on the Electronic Structure of Oxide Films Formed on 304 Stainless Steel ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, 46 (2001) 3767- 3776
  • Montemor MF, Simões AM, Ferreira MGS; Composition and behaviour of cerium films on galvanised steel; PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS, 43 (2001) 274-281
  • Montemor MF, Simões AMP, Salta MM; Effect of Fly ash on Concrete Reinforcement Corrosion Studied by EIS; CEMENT & CONCRETE COMPOSITES, 22 (2000) 175-185
  • Castela AS, Simões AMP, Ferreira MGS; EIS Evaluation of Attached and Free Polymer Films; PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS, 38 (2000) 1-7
  • Montemor MF, Simões AMP, Ferreira MGS, B. Williams, H. Edwards; The Corrosion Performance of Organosilane Based Pre-Treatments for Coatings on Galvanised Steel; PROGRESS IN ORGANIC COATINGS, 38 (2000) 17-26
  • 1990-1999

  • M.F. Montemor, A.M.P. Simões, M.G.S. Ferreira, M. da Cunha Belo, "The Role of Mo in the chemical Composition and Semiconductive Behaviour of Oxide Films Formed on Stainless Steels"; Corrosion Science, 41 (1999)p. 17-34
  • N.E.Hakiki, M. da Cunha Belo, A.M.P.Simões, M.G.S. Ferreira, "Semiconducting Properties of Passive Films on Stainless Steel. Influence of the Alloying Elements" J.Electrochem. Soc., 145 (1998)p. 3821-3829
  • M.F.Montemor, A.M.P.Simões, M.G.S. Ferreira, "Analytical Characterization of the Passive Film Formed on Steel in Solutions Simulating the Concrete Interstitial Electrolyte"; Corrosion – NACE, 54 (1998)p. 347-353
  • T.M. Silva; J.E. Rito, A.M.P. Simões, M.G.S. Ferreira, M. Cunha Belo, K.G. Watkins, "Electrochemical Characterization of Oxide Films Formed on Ti6A14V Alloys Implanted with Ir for Bioengineering Applications", Electrochim. Acta, 43 (1998) p.203-211
  • M.Cunha Belo, B.Rondot, C.Compère, M.F.Montemor, A.M.P.Simões, M.G.S.Ferreira, "Chemical Composition and Semiconducting Behaviour of Stainless Steel Passive Films in Contact With Artificial Seawater"; Corrosion Science; 40 (1998) p. 481-494
  • M.F.Montemor, A.M.P.Simões, "Corrosão do Aço no Betão", em "Corrosão Atmosférica – Mapas de Portugal", eds. M. Elisabete Almeida e M.G.S.Ferreira, pub. INETI, 1997
  • G.Lorang, M.da Cunha Belo, A.M.P.Simões, M.G.S.Ferreira; "Chemical Composition of Passive Films on AISI 304 Stainless Steel", J.Electrochemical Society, 141, 3347-3356 ( 1994)
  • M.F.Montemor, A.M.P.Simões, M.M.Salta, M.G.S.Ferreira; "The Assessment of the Electrochemical Behaviour of Flyash-Containning Concrete by Impedance Spectroscopy", Corrosion Science, 35, 1571-1578 (1993)
  • A.M.P.Simões, M.G.S.Ferreira, G.Lorang e M.da Cunha Belo, "influence of the Temperature on the Characteristics of Passive Films Formed on AISI 304 Stainless Steel", Electrochimica Acta, 36, 315-320 (1991)
  • A.M.P.Simões, M.G.S.Ferreira, B.Rondot e M.da Cunha Belo; "Study of Passive Films Formed on AISI 304 Stainless Steel by Impedance Measurements and Photoelectrochemistry", J.Electrochem.Soc., 137, 82-87 (1990)